Artificial Intelligence is the Future of Learning?
Here are a few tips about sources, subject headings, and strategies that you may want to start with. Note that these tips are just a start: think broadly about the sort of information you need and about who might have that information (government/association/academic/news/etc.).
1. LearnTechLib: The Learning and Technology Library is likely to be the database most focused on your topic as it covers "educational technology and e-learning." My initial search in LearnTechLib led me to some sources that seem worth exploring further:
- Journal of Interactive Learning Research
- International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education
- International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education
2. Start with a search in our main Education database, Education Source, using subjects such as:
- Artificial intelligence
- Artificial intelligence in education
- Higher education
- Educational technology
Here is a rough exploratory search in Education Source to get you started.
A few examples of the articles you'll find in this database:
- Rise of the machines: Artificial intelligence--led by text-based chatbots--has infiltrated campus life, helping institutions improve communication, compliance and retention (University Business - Oct. 2018)
- How A.I. Is Infiltrating Every Corner of the Campus (Chronicle of Higher Education - Apr. 2018)
- Exploring the impact of artificial intelligence on teaching and learning in higher education (Research & Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning - Nov. 2017)
- Artificial intelligence and recruitment, admission, progression, and retention (Enrollment Management Report - Dec. 2018)
3. Also try our ERIC database:
- As with Education Source, ERIC covers academic journal articles and professional magazines, but it also includes many reports by organisations such as school boards and government agencies, so it's worth searching as well.
- Try some of the same search terms that you used in Education Source (above). Here's a rough exploratory search to get you started.
4. Databases such as ACM Digital Library and IEEE Explore cover the "computing" end of the AI topic extremely well, but you'll need to add search terms such as education or ethics to find the much smaller subset of articles that aren't purely about the technological aspects.
5. Try one of our most multidisciplinary databases, Academic Search Premier to catch both academic and popular articles from a broad range of subjects.
Books and eBooks
Books can be a huge timesaver as a single book can have the breadth and depth of dozens of sites and articles. Try combinations of the following Subjects in the SFU Library Catalogue:
- Machine learning
- Artificial Intelligence
- Artificial Intelligence - Social aspects
- Education - Effect of technological innovations on
- Labor supply -- Effect of technological innovations on
- Artificial intelligence -- Social aspects
A few sample titles:
- Robot-Proof : Higher Education in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
- Machine learning and human intelligence : the future of education for the 21st century
- The impact of Artificial Intelligence on learning, teaching, and education (EU report)
- Robotics in education : latest results and developments
- The AI Advantage : How to Put the Artificial Intelligence Revolution to Work
1. Since this case is focused on SFU, you might find some of the following SFU sites to be useful for some contextual details:
- Teaching & Learning Centre -- where you will find "What students think about classroom technologies at SFU"
- Institutional Research and Planning -- where you can find statistics on the students, staff, and faculty of SFU
2. University Affairs describes itself as "Canada’s most authoritative source of information about and for Canada’s university community." That is, it is a news source focused on exactly the sector and region you are researching.
- Try this search for Artificial Intelligence to start.
3. I see that an "Institute for Ethical Artificial Intelligence in Education (IEAIED)" was launched in the UK a few months ago. They are still quite new (I don't even see a website for them as of today (Jan. 4), but they are already generating some discussion. Try a quick Google search for sites that mention them, then read closely to see if those sites and articles bring up interesting issues or refer to other sources.
4. A few random resources that I've come across... (this list may grow as I explore further during the semester):
- 2018 NMC Horizon Report. Note: The Horizon Report is an annual review of "higher education trends, challenges, and developments in educational technology likely to have an impact on learning, teaching, and creative inquiry."
- Click here to see earlier editions of the same report.
- TechNavio Report from 2017 on the Artificial Intelligence Market in the US Education Sector: 2017-2021
- Artificial Intelligence: The Next Digital Frontier? - McKinsey Global Institute (2017)
- Future Forward: The Next Twenty Years of Higher Education 2017 white paper from Blackboard, a firm that supports educational institutions with technology solutions
- Trend Report 2016: How Technological Trends Enable Customized Education - see Trend #13 on p. 49
- How Artificial Intelligence is Changing Teaching - from the Chronicle of Higher Education
5.There's an entire journal devoted to this sort of topic: "International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education." It seems to be more focused on micro-level, technical issues rather than on macro-level discussions of the big picture of AI's role in education, but it might still be worth a look.
6. The SFU Library has just acquired the following ebook. It might give you a better sense of the "big picture" trends in AI overall: Plunkett's artificial intelligence (AI) & machine learning industry almanac 2019 : the only comprehensive guide to the artificial intelligence & machine learning industry
7. A colleague just highlighted the Stanford 2025 as being a great place to keep on top of some trending topics in higher education. Some visionary ideas that may help you break out of "in the box" thinking about how universities could work.
8. And maybe the latest OECD Trends Shaping Education report (2019) will also help you understand the broader context.
1. Think beyond the "university" context of your assigned case. Employers of all sorts are experimenting with AI as a recruitment and training tool -- can you learn from their experiences? And schools at all levels, including elementary schools, are exploring the use of AI in creative ways -- can you learn from them and apply what you learn to the SFU context?
2. Don't ignore older articles! Not only might they help you identify key issues, researchers, and publications that you could watch for in future researchers, an on-topic academic research article will have probably been cited by newer articles... and those newer articles are probably on related topics.
- For instance, this 2015 article... "Teacherbot: interventions in automated teaching" has been cited at least 30 times since it was first published, according to Google Scholar And I can check off the box to "Search within citing articles," then explore those 30+ post-2015 articles to find articles such as "Exploring the impact of artificial intelligence on teaching and learning in higher education."
<No further suggestions yet - but keep checking. Also, don't forget that this is your wiki: you are welcome to add any tips here whenever you'd like. --- MB>